Coimbra, City of
- Located on the north bank of the Mondego River, in what was the Beira Litoral province on old maps. Now capital of Coimbra district, Coimbra is a city of about 60,000 people and is Portugal's third largest, after Lisbon and Oporto. It is also the site of one of Portugal's most important and most ancient universities, the University of Coimbra. Coimbra lies on the Lisbon-Oporto highway and, during much of the Reconquest era (ca. 850-1250), was on the southern edge of the emerging kingdom of Portugal. Coimbra was the capital of Portugal from 1139 to 1385, and six kings were born in the city. It takes its name from the Roman town of Conimbriga, which is nearby.
Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. by Douglas L. Wheeler . 2014.
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